Obverse: Rumiñahui, Ruminavi, Rumiñagui, or alternatively Rumiaoui, born late 15th century, died 26.6.1535, was an Inca warrior who, after the death of Emperor Atahualpa, led the resistance against the Spanish in the northern part of the Inca Empire (modern-day Ecuador) in 1533. "Rumiñahui" is a nickname. In Kichwa in means "eye of stone," interpreted by some to reference his firm stance against the Spanish at the Battle of Mount Chimborazo.In 1985 the Ecuadorian Congress made December 1 of every year a day of remembrance for the personality of Rumiñahui as an indigenous hero and defender of the reign of Quito.
Reverse: Ecuadorian coat of arms (Escudo de Armas del Ecuador). In the background of the oval shield is the mount Chimborazo, while the river originating from its base represents the Guayas. They both symbolize the beauty and wealth of the respective regions (Sierra or Costa). The ship on the river is named Guayas as well. In 1841 it was built in Guayaquil and was the first seaworthy steamship built on the South American west coast. Instead of a mast it features a Caduecus representing trade and economy. On top a golden sun surrounded by the astrological signs for Aries, Taurus, Gemini and Cancer, representing the months March to July to symbolize the duration of the March Revolution of 1845.
The condor on top of thea shield stretches his wings to symbolize power, greatness and strength of Ecuador. The shield is flanked by four flags of Ecuador. The laurel on the left represents the victories of the republic. The palm leaf on the right side is a symbol of the martyrs of the fight for independence and liberty. The Fasces below the shield represents the republican dignity.