Obverse: Sultan Qaitbay mosque. Qaitbay Mosque was built in 1490 by the famous Mamluk Sultan Qaitbay who left a lot of relics in Cairo and a famous fort at Alexandria, This mosque is said to be built by his wife, it is distinguished by its rostrum inlaid with ivory.
This mosque has a simple interior as the ceiling is made strong wood with strips of wood, Qaitbay mosque is known as the mosque of Khawand Asal Bay, there are also various ancient columns inside the mosque, the arches of the mosque are painted with red and white colours, known as Ablaq, the windows are simple with colourful designs.
The founder of the Citadel of Qaitbay is Sultan Al-Ashraf Abou Anasr Saif El-Din Qaitbay El-Jerkasy Al-Zahiry (1468-1496 A.D) who was born about 1423 A.D (826 H). He was a Mamluke who had come to Egypt as a young man, less than 20 years old. Bought by Al-Ashraf Bersbay, he remained among his attendants until Al-Ashraf Bersbay died. Then the Sultan Djaqmaq bought Qaitbay, and later gave him his freedom.
Reverse: Abu Simbel Temples. Abu Simbel temples refers to two massive rock temples in Abu Simbel in Nubia, southern Egypt on the western bank of Lake Nasser about 230 km southwest of Aswan(about 300 km by road).
The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC, as a lasting monument to himself and his queen Nefertari, to commemorate his alleged victory at the Battle of Kadesh, and to intimidate his Nubian neighbors. However, the complex was relocated in its entirety in 1968, on an artificial hill made from a domed structure, high above the Aswan High Dam reservoir.